Unpaid Debt


All victims of human rights violations have a right to remedy and reparation to enable them to rebuild their lives and those of their children. This is the story is about the tens of thousands of people in South Sudan who lived through the horrors of the oil war and have been denied this right.


In 2010, in response to the publication of the report Unpaid Debt by the European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS), the Swedish public prosecutor for international crimes opened an investigation into links between the reported violations and Sweden. In November 2016, Lundin Petroleum’s CEO Alex Schneiter and Chair Ian Lundin were identified as suspects of aiding and abetting war crimes in Sudan.

This dossier offers all publicly available official documents pertaining to the Unpaid Debt case, expert legal analyses, comments, and a searchable database with background data, all in English. During the court sessions, we will offer regular coverage of developments.

The importance of court proceedings would be threefold. It would be the first time that anybody will be held to account for alleged contribution to any of the unspeakable horrors of Sudan's civil wars. It would be a very rare occasion that a multi-billion dollar company would have to defend itself against complicity in international crimes. And, it enables victims of war crimes to seek justice and redress.

PAX, formerly the coordinator of ECOS, believes that justice for the victims of the oil war as a prerequisite for peace and reconciliation in the area. For justice to be done, it is crucial that perpetrators are held to account and those who benefitted from crimes do not escape their duty to contribute to the victims' right to effective remedy.

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